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In the name of God, the Beneficent the Merciful ,To the Youth in Europe and North America The recent events in France and similar ones in some other Western countries have convinced me to ,directly talk to you about them. I am addressing you, [the youth], not because I overlook your parents rather it is because the future of your nations and countries will be in your hands; and also I find that the .sense of quest for truth is more vigorous and attentive in your hearts I don’t address your politicians and statesmen either in this writing because I believe that they have .consciously separated the route of politics from the path of righteousness and truth I would like to talk to you about Islam, particularly the image that is presented to you as Islam. Many ,attempts have been made over the past two decades, almost since the disintegration of the Soviet Union to place this great religion in the seat of a horrifying enemy. The provocation of a feeling of horror and .hatred and its utilization has unfortunately a long record in the political history of the West Here, I don’t want to deal with the different phobias with which the Western nations have thus far been indoctrinated. A cursory review of recent critical studies of history would bring home to you the fact that the Western governments’ insincere and hypocritical treatment of other nations and cultures has been .censured in new historiographies The histories of the United States and Europe are ashamed of slavery, embarrassed by the colonial period and chagrined at the oppression of people of color and non-Christians. Your researchers and historians are deeply ashamed of the bloodsheds wrought in the name of religion between the Catholics and Protestants or in the name of nationality and ethnicity during the First and Second World Wars. This approach is .admirable By mentioning a fraction of this long list, I don’t want to reproach history; rather I would like you to ask your intellectuals as to why the public conscience in the West awakens and comes to its senses after a delay of several decades or centuries. Why should the revision of collective conscience apply to the distant past and not to the current problems? Why is it that attempts are made to prevent public awareness regarding ?an important issue such as the treatment of Islamic culture and thought You know well that humiliation and spreading hatred and illusionary fear of the “other” have been the common base of all those oppressive profiteers. Now, I would like you to ask yourself why the old policy of spreading “phobia” and hatred has targeted Islam and Muslims with an unprecedented intensity. Why does the power structure in the world want Islamic thought to be marginalized and remain latent? What concepts and values in Islam disturb the programs of the super powers and what interests are safeguarded in the shadow of distorting the image of Islam? Hence, my first request is: Study and research the .incentives behind this widespread tarnishing of the image of Islam Message of ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei Leader of The Islamic Republic of Iran21st Jan. 2015 My second request is that in reaction to the flood of prejudgments and disinformation campaigns, try to gain a direct and firsthand knowledge of this religion. The right logic requires that you understand the .nature and essence of what they are frightening you about and want you to keep away from I don’t insist that you accept my reading or any other reading of Islam. What I want to say is: Don’t allow this dynamic and effective reality in today’s world to be introduced to you through resentments and prejudices. Don’t allow them to hypocritically introduce their own recruited terrorists as representatives of .Islam Receive knowledge of Islam from its primary and original sources. Gain information about Islam through the Qur’an and the life of its great Prophet. I would like to ask you whether you have directly read the Qur’an of the Muslims. Have you studied the teachings of the Prophet of Islam and his humane, ethical ?doctrines? Have you ever received the message of Islam from any sources other than the media Have you ever asked yourself how and on the basis of which values has Islam established the greatest scientific and intellectual civilization of the world and raised the most distinguished scientists and ?intellectuals throughout several centuries I would like you not to allow the derogatory and offensive image-buildings to create an emotional gulf between you and the reality, taking away the possibility of an impartial judgment from you. Today, the communication media have removed the geographical borders. Hence, don’t allow them to besiege you .within fabricated and mental borders Although no one can individually fill the created gaps, each one of you can construct a bridge of thought and fairness over the gaps to illuminate yourself and your surrounding environment. While this preplanned challenge between Islam and you, the youth, is undesirable, it can raise new questions in your curious and inquiring minds. Attempts to find answers to these questions will provide you with an .appropriate opportunity to discover new truths Therefore, don’t miss the opportunity to gain proper, correct and unbiased understanding of Islam so that hopefully, due to your sense of responsibility toward the truth, future generations would write the history .of this current interaction between Islam and the West with a clearer conscience and lesser resentment Seyyed Ali Khamenei 21st Jan. 2015




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چهارشنبه 7 آبان 1393 ::writer: Sh GhAm




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tags : names، allah، names of allah، al-ghafur، al-mujib، al-ghani، al-razzaq،
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چهارشنبه 2 مهر 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

slam means to submit freely to The Commandments and Will of The One and Only God (Allah). This submission should come from within, from sound belief in and conviction to Allah, with no doubt. It should also come from love, trust, and affection.

Allah is not a special god for Muslims, but Allah is The Creator of all creatures, including mankind.

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) is the Messenger of Allah. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) received The Word of Allah (revelation), through the archangel Gabriel (The Holy Spirit). This revelation comprises the Religion of Islam.

The Qur'an is the authentic collection of this revelation recorded in book form. It is the exact, unchanged Word of Allah to all mankind.

A Muslim is any male or female person who believes in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) as His Messenger who then testifies to that belief to witnesses announcing his/her acceptance of Islam as his/her religion. "Muslim' should not be confused with "Arab"; A Muslim is a person who follows the religion of Islam and s/he can be of any race while Arab refers to a race of people. An Arab can choose to be of any religion or belief system be it Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, atheism, or any faith. Arabs make up less than 18% of the Muslim population of the world today, which is estimated to be over one-fifth of the world's population, or more than a billion people.

Islam is a simple and practical religion. It has established, clear, and easily understandable beliefs and laws that any follower or student of the religion can easily understand. Islam affirms belief in a decent, civilized society. Islam also does not demand impossible goodness of its followers, but it recognizes that all human beings make mistakes and sin. No one is exempt. Islampreaches peace, mercy, justice, tolerance, equality, love, truth, forgiveness, patience, morality, sincerity and righteousness. Islam is the religion that preaches the Oneness of God, the Oneness of mankind and the Oneness of the Message.

Islam is the religion that preaches the Oneness of God, the Oneness of mankind and the Oneness of the Message.





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سه شنبه 1 مهر 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

oday I have perfected your religion and completed my favor upon you, and I was satisfied that Islam be your religion.” (The Holy Quran, 5:3)

Eid al-Qadir, which is known as Eid al-Akbar (the greatest Eid) in Islamic narrations, could be referred to as the greatest celebration (Eid) of all religions. For the result of the mission of all the messengers of Allah  became accomplished on this day.
When Prophet Nuh (Noah) (PBUH) was appointed, he introduced his people to his religion and told them: “Allah has called upon you to have faith in this religion; however, there shall be a prophet after me whose religion is more perfect than mine, so have faith in him and be aware that the most perfect religion will be brought by the last prophet”. Similar to that, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) (PBUT) were appointed and they gradually made the religion more perfect, and they spoke of the most perfect religion, the one brought by the last prophet.

Now, Islam has been brought to people and the religion has reached its most perfect state, and the mission of all Allah’s  messengers is manifested in Islam. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) has established Islam within 23 years of enormous endeavors, and has conveyed brotherhood and equality amongst all the Muslims.

Now, he is preparing to visit the house of Allah , and he has called upon all Muslims, no matter what their race or tribe is, to join him in performing Hajjah al-Weedaa’ (farewell pilgrimage), his last pilgrimage.

People were accompanying Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) in performing the Hajj rituals and meanwhile, they heard the last words of him. When returning, Gabriel comes down to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) saying:” O Messenger!  Proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) was worried about the reaction of some of his companions since he was aware of their hypocrisy through revelation (2).

Then, Gabriel came down for the second time:” O Messenger!  Proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord”. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP), the mercy upon mankind, was worried about the ailing hearts and weak faith of new Muslims. As he was looking for a solution, Gabriel came down for the third time:” O Messenger!  Proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord, for if you do it not you have not conveyed His message and Allah will protect you from the (evil designs of) people.” (3)

What is this message that if not proclaimed, the Prophet’s mission would not be conveyed?
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP), who possesses both the states of Prophethood and Imamate, is addressed as “O Messenger!”, which reveals that his state of Prophethood is targeted. On the other hand, the phrase “you have not conveyed His message” indicates that not proclaiming this message would result in not having accomplished the duty of Prophethood.

In the following section of the verse, Allah  assures Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) by saying that:” Allah will protect you from the (evil designs of) people.” Here protection does not mean to address physical, financial… protection; because Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) never felt fear during the battles, and his life’s history testifies that he never stood back even a single step in the battles.

Even in the battle of Uhud, when the Muslims were seemingly defeated and their army was collapsed, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) was still fighting against the pagans. In addition to that, Allah  describes not only Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP), but also other prophets as:” those who proclaim the messages of Allah and have fear in Him, and have fear in no one but Allah.”(4) Therefore, Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH&HP) fear was about damages to the religion and the ignorance of people; hence, the good tidings by Allah  were about the victory over the ignorance of people, just like as he told Prophet Moses (PBUH):” Fear not; you are the superior”(5).

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) stops at a place called Qadir. He summons those who have gone forward to return and wait for the followers to join. Them, he climbs an eminence and gives a sermon:

“Praise be to Allah; I testify that He is the Lord and I am His servant. Gabriel has descended to me thrice, and has ordered me from Allah to stop on this land to proclaim His message. Am I not your Wali (more precious to you than your own lives)?" People replied:" Yes". He continued:” Am I not your prophet and leader?” Again, all the people confirmed. It was then that he took Ali ibn Abi Talib's (PBUH) hands and raised them high, and said, "Whoever has me as his Master (Wali), Ali is his Master (Wali)”.

After that, those that were present came to Ali (PBUH) at the tent which Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) had ordered to be set up, and congratulated him on his new position. They addressed him as Amir al-Mu’minin (Ruler of the Faithful). Historians have mentioned numbers up to 120000 for the people present at that time.

Then, the following verse of the Quran was revealed:” Today, those who disbelieve have despaired of your religion; so fear them not and fear Me. Today I have perfected for you your religion and have completed My favor upon you, and I was satisfied that Islam be your religion.”(6)

In the Holy Quran, the terms "Yaum" and “Yauma’izin” usually refer to the resurrection day; however, the former is used in this verse referring to the issue of Imamate. Since the Holy Quran starts talking about important issues with the terms “Al” and “Yaum”, it is indicated that the aforementioned verse, in which the term “al-Yaum” is repeated twice, contains important news. That important news is indeed appointing the Master and Ruler of the Muslim community after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP).

This important event made the disbelievers disappointed. The enemies of Islam would say: " … we are waiting to see him die” (7), so his religion would be removed; because it is possible to fight against the book and the law and to interpret them according to one’s desires; however, such divine Leader could not be fought.

Therefore, the event of Qadir made the disbelievers despair of this hope due to the fact that a leader was appointed for the Muslims who possessed virtues such as bravery, wisdom, patience and constancy, just like Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP). There, a divine successor was appointed by Allah to continue Prophet’s path and supervise the Muslims after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP).

The next section of the verse talks about perfection of religion and completion of favor. Obviously, it does not refer to materialistic favors, because the creatures are constantly blessed by such favors from Allah , and they are not such that could be completed; hence, another type of favor (which is indeed superior to and more important than materialistic favors) is meant.

According to the event of Qadir, this favor is nothing but the favor of Imamat (Leadership) and Wilayat (Mastership). Even Allah  has admired the favor of prophethood and Imamat as His greatest favors in the Holy Quran, and has used the term Minnah (a significant and enormous favor which is difficult to receive and maintain) regarding these two favors:” Certainly Allah conferred a great favor upon the believers when He raised among them a Messenger from amongst themselves.” (8); “And We desired to bestow a great favor upon those who were deemed weak in the land, and to make them the Imams, and to make them the inheritors.”(9)

And finally, the endeavors of all the prophets before Islam and the 23 year endeavors of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) became fruitful on the day of Qadir, and the argument on mankind became complete.

It is noteworthy that according to the knowledge of Hadith, there are few events reported to be as authentic as the event of Qadir. Mas’ood ibn Nasser Sajestani in the book “Wilayatkade”, which is printed in seventeen volumes, narrates this event on the authority of one hundred twenty people. Muhammad bin Jarir Tabari in the book “Radd Alaa al-Kharqouziah”, narrates the event of Qadir from seventy-five different routes, and Ibn Ouqdah mentions 125 different narrators for this Hadith in the book of Wilayat.

It is quoted from Abou al-Ma’ali Jowni that:” I saw a book in a bookbinding store which contained the Hadith of Qadir, and it was written on its back:” Volume 28 of the routes for the Hadith of Man Kuntu Mawlah (the beginning phrase of the Hadith of Qadir which means whoever has me as Master)”. Sayyid Murtada writes that:” We have not come up to a single Islamic sect that denies the event of Qadir”. Finally, the book of Al-Qadir by Allamah Amini is the most general and complete encyclopedia for narrations about the Qadir event.

Based on the above, it is on us to celebrate this great Eid. There is a Hadith in Sahih Muslim narrating from Taariq ibn Shahab that:” A group of Jews told the second Caliph that:” If such a verse had been revealed to us (Today I have perfected for you your religion and have completed my favor upon you) and we knew that day it had been revealed, We would have celebrated that day.”

References:

-Al-Qadir, by Allamah Amini
-Tafsir al-Mizan, by Ayatullah Jawadi Amuli
-Explanations of the Event of Qadir,  by Ayatullah Jawadi Amuli,
-Haqq al-Yaqin, by Allamah Majlisi

Footnotes:

1-The Holy Quran, (5:3)
2-The Holy Quran, (9:101)
3-The Holy Quran, (5:67)
4-The Holy Quran, (33:39)
5-The Holy Quran, (20:67)
6-The Holy Quran, (5:3)
7-The Holy Quran, (52:30)
8-The Holy Quran, (2:164)
9-The Holy Quran, (28:5)





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دوشنبه 31 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

Eid- ul- Adha is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhuj Hijja, the Islamic month according to the lunar Islamic calendar. Eid- ul- Adha accurs approximately seventy days after the end of Ramadan month. The festival of Eid- ul- Adha is celebrated in the remembrance of prophet Abraham’s readiness to forfeit Ishmael his son for god. 

1.The story about this festival tells, how Abraham was ready to kill his son and remained true to God. The story tells, how Allah told Abraham, to lift up the foundation of Kaaba that was a holy place in Mecca.God also asked Abraham to sacrifice his son, in a dream. Abraham along with his son started moving towards Mina for the sacrifice. 

2.Some of the daemons tried to direct Abraham away from his way but Abraham was true to god and as he was just set to kill his son, God stopped him and gave him a sheep to sacrifice instead of sacrificing his son. 

3.This festival is thereby said to be a festival of sacrifice. Some people celebrate Eid- ul- Adha because it ends the pilgrimage or Hajj for those Muslims who make a trip to Mecca each year. 

4.Just like Eid- ul- Fitr, Eid- ul - Adha also commences with a small prayer followed by Khutba. The delivery of this Khutba is done from Mount Arafat in Mecca. It is assumed that Eid- ul- Adha should last for three days 

Eid Ul Adha Routine

  • The first day of Eid- ul- Adha is a holiday and all the members of the family dress up in new and beautiful clothes to carry out the Eid- ul- Adha prayers (Salah) in large groups.

     
  • On this day all the Muslims forfeit their domestic animals like sheep and goat representing Abraham’s forfeit. This forfeit made by Muslims is known as “Qurban”.

     
  • Once the animal is sacrificed then the meat of the animal is distributed among the friends, relatives, neighbors and poor people. Muslims communities on this day take care that no poor and needy Muslim is missed out to provide the sacrificial food.






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یکشنبه 30 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Sh GhAm




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tags : namaz، salat، pray، نماز، صلاة،
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دوشنبه 10 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa
  • Aabida (Devout)
  • Aadila (Lady who Judges right)
  • Aalia (Lady of High Rank)
  • Aalima (The Intelligent Lady)
  • Aamila (Doer, An Active Lady)
  • Adil (Beloved)
  • Afzal al-Nisa (The most supreme of the women)
  • Ahad-ul-Akbar
  • Arfiya
  • Azhra (The chaste)
  • Aziza (Respected Lady)
  • Basita (Given of Prosperity)
  • Batina (Intrinsic)
  • Batool (The pure one)
  • Batool-e-Izra
  • Buzat-il-Rasool
  • Daniya (Liberal Lady)
  • Durra An-noor (Path of light)
  • Fakhr-e-Hajra (Pride of Lady Hajra)
  • Farwaia
  • Fasiha
  • Fateha (Soorah Alhamd of Qur'an)
  • Fatima-tuz-Zehra Salamulaah Allehe
  • Fazia
  • Habiba (Beloved)
  • Hajiya (Pilgrim who have performed Hajj)
  • Hakima (Philosopher)
  • Halima (Gentle Lady)
  • Hazira (Ready, Present)
  • Hijaziya
  • Hirra
  • Hissan (Comely & Beautiful)
  • Hujjata
  • Iftikhar-e-Hawwa (Pride of Lady Eve First Women)
  • Ihleya (Wife of Imam Ali)
  • Umm-ul-Aaima (Mother of imams)
  • Umm-ul-Abeeha (Mother of her Father)
  • Umm-ul-Hasan (Mother of Hasan ibn Ali)
  • Umm-ul-Hussein (Mother of Husayn ibn Ali)
  • Umm-ul-Kitab (Mother of the Book)
  • Umm-ul-Masaib (Mother of Sufferings)
  • Umm-ul-Mohsin (Mother of Al Muhsin)
  • Umm-ul-Sibtain (Mother of Sibtain i.e. Hasan ibn Ali &Husayn ibn Ali)
  • Insia Hora
  • Jaaza
  • Jaleela (Great Woman)
  • Jamila (Beautiful Woman)
  • Kalima-e-Baqiya
  • Karima
  • Khair-un-Nisa
  • Khatoon-e-Junat (The Lady of Paradise)
  • Kokub dari
  • Lailat-ul-Qadr (19th, 21st & 23rd Night of Ramadan)
  • Malik-e-Tatheer (Owner of Tatheer(purity))
  • Mardhiah (The one who pleases God)
  • Maryam-e-Kubra (Greater Mary)
  • Masooma (Infallible)
  • Mastora (The Lady)
  • Mehroosa
  • Mosofa
  • Mubarakah (The blessed)
  • Mubarika
  • Muhudissa
  • Mukhdoma
  • Mukhera
  • Mukrima
  • Mumjida
  • Munjiya
  • Muqdra
  • Murj-ul-Bahrain Yaltaqyan
  • Murziya
  • Musliya
  • Muthara
  • Najiba
  • Naseeba
  • Nasiha
  • Nasiya
  • Nazeeral-il-Bashr
  • Nijiya
  • Nooriya (The Light)
  • Nuqya
  • Nusbeeha
  • Qahira
  • Qaima (The Everlasting)
  • Qaria
  • Radhiah (The gratified)
  • Rafeea (Exalting)
  • Raghiba (Desirous)
  • Rahija
  • Rakiya
  • Rashk-e-Aseeya (Pride of Lady Aseeya)
  • Razia (Contented, Agreed)
  • Razzya
  • Sabeea
  • Sabeeha
  • Sadiqa (Faithful)
  • Sahiba (Lady, Mistress)
  • Sahib-Hil-Aati
  • Saima
  • Sajida (Worshipper, Adorer)
  • Saleeha (Virtuous)
  • Saleema (Perfect)
  • Sania
  • Sayyeda-Tun-Nisa-el-Alameen (Leader of all women of the Universe)
  • Sayyeda Aalim
  • Shafeea (Advocate)
  • Shafeqa (Merciful)
  • Shafia (Healer)
  • Shahida (Evident)
  • Shajra-e-Tayyiba (Lady with Clean Genealogical Tree)
  • Shahzadi-e-Kaunain (Princess of the Universe)
  • Siddiqa (The Truthful)
  • Soora Kausr (Sorrah Kausur of Qur'an)
  • Sorat-e-Nafs-e-Kuli
  • Tahira (The Virtuous)
  • Taqqya (Pious Lady)
  • Tehama (Pillar, Prop)
  • Timur
  • Waeeba
  • Wafiya
  • Waleeya
  • Wali-e-Khuda (friend of God)
  • Waziha
  • Zahida (A devout lady)
  • Zahira (Visible Lady)
  • Zahra (The Lady of light)
  • Zakiyah (The chaste)




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شنبه 8 شهریور 1393 ::writer: sara
A shia should know his family is a precious gift from ALLAH

رسول خدا ( لی الله علیه و اله ) :
از ما نیست کسی که وسعت زندگی بر او داده شود و او بر خانواده اش سخت بگیرد
a man who is harsh to his family while he is given a good life , is not from our followers








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شنبه 8 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa
Most Muslims do not fast because of medical benefits but because it has been ordained to them in the Quran.  The medical benefits of fasting are as a result of fasting.  Fasting in general has been used in medicine for medical reasons including weight management, for rest of the digestive tract and for lowering lipids.  There are many adverse effects of total fasting as well as so-called crash diets.  Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramadan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake.  The caloric intake of Muslims during Ramadan is at or slightly below the national requirement guidelines. In addition, the fasting in Ramadan is voluntarily taken and is not a prescribed imposition from the physician.

Ramadan is a month of self-regulation and self-training, with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramadan.  If the lessons learned during Ramadan, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness, are carried on after Ramadan, it is beneficial for one's entire life.  Moreover, the type of food taken during Ramadan does not have any selective criteria of crash diets such as those which are protein only or fruit only type diets.  Everything that is permissible is taken in moderate quantities.

The only difference between Ramadan and total fasting is the timing of the food; during Ramadan, we basically miss lunch and take an early breakfast and do not eat until dusk.  Abstinence from water during this period is not bad at all and in fact, it causes concentration of all fluids within the body, producing slight dehydration.  The body has its own water conservation mechanism; in fact, it has been shown that slight dehydration and water conservation, at least in plant life, improve their longevity.

 

Compensation of missed Fasts The physiological effect of fasting includes lower of blood sugar, lowering of cholesterol and lowering of the systolic blood pressure.  In fact, Ramadan fasting would be an ideal recommendation for treatment of mild to moderate, stable, non-insulin diabetes, obesity and essential hypertension.  In 1994 the first International Congress on "Health and Ramadan", held in Casablanca, entered 50 research papers from all over the world, from Muslim and non-Muslim researchers who have done extensive studies on the medical ethics of fasting.  While improvement in many medical conditions was noted; however, in no way did fasting worsen any patients' health or baseline medical condition.  On the other hand, patients who are suffering from severe diseases, whether diabetes or coronary artery disease, kidney stones, etc., are exempt from fasting and should not try to fast.

There are psychological effects of fasting as well.  There is a peace and tranquility for those who fast during the month of Ramadan.  Personal hostility is at a minimum, and the crime rate decreases.  This psychological improvement could be related to better stabilization of blood glucose during fasting as hypoglycemia after eating, aggravates behavior changes.

Recitation of the Quran not only produces a tranquility of heart and mind, but improves the memory.  Therefore, I encourage my Muslim patients to fast in the month of Ramadan, but they must do it under medical supervision.  Healthy adult Muslims should not fear becoming weak by fasting, but instead it should improve their health and stamina.

DIABETES MELLITUS AND RAMADAN FASTING

Diabetes mellitus affects people of all faiths. Muslims are no exception. Many diabetic Muslims have a desire to fast during the month of Ramadan, although if they cannot for health reasons, they have a valid exemption. The dilemma for physicians and Muslim scholars is whether or not Muslim diabetic patients (1) should be allowed to fast if they decide to; (2) can fast safely; (3) can be helped to fast if they decide to; (4 ) can have their disease monitored at home; and (5) are going to derive any benefit or harm to their health. Fasting during Ramadan by a Muslim diabetic patient is neither his right nor Islamic obligation, but only a privilege to be allowed by his physician, at the patient's request, knowing all the dangers and assuming full responsibility in dietary compliance and glucose monitoring, with good communication between the physician and the patient .

PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE OF DIABETES DURING RAMADAN

Diabetes mellitus itself adversely affects patients' psychological states by changes in glucose metabolism, blood and CSF osmolality, needs for discipline and compliance, fear of long term complications and threat of hypoglycemic attacks and the possibility of dehydration and coma.

On the other hand, fasting during Ramadan has a tranquilizing effect on the mind, producing inner peace and decrease in anger and hostility. Fasting Muslims realize that manifestations of anger may take away the blessings of fasting or even nullify them.

Diabetics know that stress increases the blood glucose by increasing the catecholamine level and any tool to lower the stress ; ie., biofeedback or relaxation improves diabetic control. Thus, Islamic fasting during Ramadan should have a potentially beneficial effect with regard to diabetic control.

CRITERIA ALLOWING DIABETICS TO FAST DURING RAMADAN

(1) The age limit of 20 has no Quranic basis. The actual physical development and tolerance which can proceed the physiological age is the criteria here, not the age. If a male diabetic has the physical built and ability of fasting, he should be instructed to fast if he can do it without difficulty or compromising his heatlh as explained in the rest of the article.

(2) The ban on fasting of pregnant females or nursing mothers is not Quranic or called for. Pregnant and or nursing mothers have to assess their own tolerance and ability of fasting. Those who are healthy enough, having mild Diabetes should be able to fast.

(3)  In case of body weight normal or above ideal body weight, Again. These are general suggestions, not Quranic rules. We should not use the scale to decide when to fast or not. A healthy slightly under weight person has no excuse not to fast, if he/she can. He/she can check with his/her physician if he/she is questioning his/her ability to fast.

(4) In case of absence of infection, co-existing unstable medical conditions, i.e, coronary artery disease, severe hypertension (B/P 200/120), kidney stones, COPD or emphysema, Again these are generalization that is not necessarily correct. Some COPD or emphysema patients, mild infections, mild coronary artery disease etc, may be able to fast without difficulty or compromising their well being. If in any doubt ask your good submitter (Muslim) doctor





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شنبه 8 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa
Social Benefits

Fasting has numerous other virtues and benefits, but we only mention a few to drive home the point to the reader.

  1. It teaches man the principle of sincere Love: because when he observes Fasting he does it out of deep love for God. And the man who loves God truly is a man who really knows what love is.
  2. It equips man with a creative sense of hope and an optimistic outlook on life; because when he fasts he is hoping to please God and is seeking His Grace.
  3. It imbues in man the genuine virtue of effective devotion, honest dedication and closeness to God; because when he fasts he does so for God and for His sake alone.
  4. It cultivates in man a vigilant and sound conscience; because the fasting person keeps his fast in secret as well as in public. In fasting, especially, there is no mundane authority to check man's behavior or compel him to observe fasting. He keeps it to please God and satisfy his own conscience by being faithful in secret and in public. There is no better way to cultivate sound conscience in man.
  5. It indoctrinates man in patience and selflessness, as through fasting, he feels the pains of deprivation but he endures them patiently.
  6. It is an effective lesson in applied moderation and willpower.
  7. Fasting also provides man with a transparent soul, a clear mind and a light body.
  8. It shows man a new way of wise savings and sound budgeting.
  9. It enables man to master the art of Mature Adaptability. We can easily understand the point once we realize that fasting makes man change the entire course of his daily life.
  10. It grounds man in discipline and healthy survival.
  11. It originates in man the real spirit of social belonging, unity and brotherhood, of equality before God as well as before the law.
  12. It is a Godly prescription for self-reassurance and self-control.

Now, someone may be tempted to raise the objection: If this is the case with the Islamic institution of fasting, and if this is the picture of Islam in this aspect, why are the Muslims not living in a utopia? To such an objection we can only say that Muslims have lived in and enjoyed a utopia in a certain epoch of their history. The realization of that utopia was a phenomenon of a unique achievement in the history of man. We say unique, because no religion or social system other than Islam has ever been able to realize its ideals in reality.





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جمعه 7 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa
When Islam introduced this matchless institution, it planted an ever-growing tree of infinite virtue and invaluable products. Here is an explanation of what a Muslim gets by observing Islamic fasting. We may divide benefits of fasting into two types. First is spiritual benefits of fasting and second one is social benefits of fasting.

Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that Allah’s Apostle, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, said, what translated means,

“Allah said, ‘All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him: the good deeds will be multiplied ten times to seven hundred time, except fasting, which is for Me and I will reward for it accordingly. He abandons his  desire, food and drink for Me.’ Verily, there are two joyous and pleasurable moments for the fasting person: one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other is when he will meet his Lord (in the Hereafter). Verily, the unpleasant odor emanating from the mouth of the fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the scent of musk.”
[Al-Bukhari & Muslim].

This noble Hadith contains numerous virtues and benefits that can only be attained from fasting. It also indicates the importance of fasting in Islam and its obligation upon all Muslims.

1.        Multiplying the rewards for fasting is different than the rest of the acts of worship and good deeds. As for fasting, there is no limit for such multiplication, while in the case of other deeds, each good credit is multiplied from ten to seven hundred times only.

2.        Sincerity while fasting counts more than sincerity while performing other deeds, for Allah said in the Hadith, “He abandons his desire, food and drink for Me.”

3.        Allah has chosen fasting to be the acts of worship that He Himself will reward for it, for He said, “Fasting is for Me, and I will reward for it accordingly.”. 

4.        Fasting brings about two great occasions of joy and happiness for the fasting person: one in this life, and that is when he breaks his fast with what Allah has allowed for him of foods and drinks. As for the other, it is in the Hereafter, and that is when he receives the rewards for his fast. This is permissible happiness and joy, just as Allah said, what translated means,

"Say, “In the Bounty of Allah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and the Quran);  therein let them rejoice.”" [10:58].

5.        The odor emanating from the mouth of the fasting person, which is sometimes foul, is more beloved to Allah than the scent of musk. This is because such bad odor is the result of a deed that Allah loves, and He therefore loves the resulting odor as well. This is clear from the portion of the Hadith that reads, “The unpleasant odor emanating from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the scent of musk.”

6.        Among the benefits of fasting is that Allah has designated one of the gates of Paradise solely for those who frequently fast. The Prophet Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam said, what translated means,

“There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Rayyan, and those who frequently fast will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection, and none except them shall enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to fast?’ They will stand up, and none except them will enter through it. Upon entry, that gate will be closed and no one else will enter through it.”
[Al-Bukhari].

7.        Fasting is a shield and protection from harmful desires and from the heat of Hell, as an authentic Hadith affirms.

8.        The supplication of the fasting person is accepted. The Messenger of Allah, Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam, said, what translated means,

“The fasting person has at the time of breaking his fast a Du’aa’ that is not rejected.”
[Ibn Majah & Al-’Hakim].

Also, Allah Almighty said while referring to fasting,

"And when My slaves ask you (O Mohammad) concerning Me, then answer them, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)." [2:186]. 

9.         Another benefit of fasting is that It teaches man the principle of sincere Love: because when he observes Fasting he does it out of deep love for God. And the man who loves God truly is a man who really knows what love is.

10.       It.indoctrinates man in patience and selflessness, as through fasting, he feels the pains of deprivation but he endures them patiently.  The Prophet Salla Allahu Alayhi Wasallam said, what translated means,

“Fasting is one half of patience.”
[At-Tirmithi & Ibn Majah].

1.      Fasting has numerous health benefits, just as the Prophet Salla Allahu Alayhi     Wasallam stated,

     “Fast and you shall attain good health.”
      [Ibn As-Sunni & Abu Na’eem].

This is because fasting protects the internal and external body parts and aids the person in avoiding harmful foods.





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چهارشنبه 5 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

 

Fasting in Islam is a highly developed institution, and needs to be studied in depth. There are two types of injunctions with regards to fasting. One relates to obligatory fasting and the other to optional fasting.

1. Obligatory Fasting

There is one full month in every year in which fasting is prescribed for Muslims all over the world. As the month is a lunar month, so it keeps changing around the year in relation to the solar months. This creates a universal balance for the worshippers. Sometimes the fasting in winter months is easy as far as the days go, in comparison to the long winter nights, while during the summer months the days become long and exacting. As the lunar months keep rotating around the year, so Muslims in all parts of the world have some periods of easy fasting and some of arduous fasting.

2. Optional Fasting

The optional fasting is so well promoted that it becomes a part of the righteous Muslim's way of life. Although a majority of Muslims do not go beyond the month of obligatory fasting, some keep fasts now and then particularly when in trouble. As it is expected that the prayers offered in fasting are more productive, some people keep extra fasts to ward off their problems, but some do it only for the sake of winning Allah's special favors. There no limit to this, except that the founder of Islam strongly discouraged those who had vowed to fast continuously for their whole life. When the Holy Prophet (SAW) came to learn of one such case, he disapproved of the practice and censured the man for attempting to achieve liberation as if by forcing his will upon. He told the person concerned that: 'Just by putting yourself to trouble or discomfort, not only will you be unable to please God, but you may even earn His displeasure.' He pointed out that over emphasis on austerity is likely to make one negligent towards one's wife and children, kith and kin, friends etc.





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سه شنبه 4 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

Fasting is a unique moral and spiritual characteristic of Islam. Literally Fasting is defined in Islam to abstain "completely" from foods, drinks, intimate intercourse and smoking, before the break of the dawn till sunset, during the entire month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic year.

But if we restrict the meaning of the Islamic Fasting to this literal sense, we would be sadly mistaken. It is not just physical hunger and thirst that constitute the Muslim fast, but the nights prior to the beginning of the fast acquire a far more important character and play a central role in the institution of fasting. The Muslims wake up many hours before dawn for individual prayer and the remembrance of God. Also the Holy Quran is recited in every Muslim house much more than in ordinary days. A greater part of the night is thus spent in spiritual exercises which make up so the very essence of fasting.

During the day, apart from restraining from food and water, all is Muslims are particularly exhorted from vain talk, quarrels and fights, or from any such occupation as is below the dignity of a true believer. No indulgence in carnal pleasure is allowed; even husband and wife during the day lead separate lives, except for the formal human relationship common to all people.

 
Importance of Fasting in the light Quran and Hadith:
 
“O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint.” 2:183

“(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.” 2:184

Also, Allah Almighty said while referring to fasting,

"And when My slaves ask you (O Mohammad) concerning Me, then answer them, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)." [2:186].





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دوشنبه 3 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa
Ramadan -a month of obligatory daily fasting in Islam is the ninth month in the Islamic lunar calendar. Daily fasts begin at dawn and end with sunset. Special nightly prayers called, Taraweeh prayers are held. The entire Quran is recited in these prayers in Mosques all around the world. This month provides an opportunity for Muslims to get closer to God. This is a month when a Muslim should try to:
bulletSee not what displeases Allah
bulletSpeak no evil
bulletHear no evil
bulletDo no evil
bulletLook to Allah with fear and hope

"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become God-fearing." (The Quran, 2:183)

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven. Whoever prays during the nights in Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven. And he who passes Lailat al-Qadr in prayer with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven (Bukhari, Muslim).

Ramadan ends with a day long celebration known as Eidul-Fitr. Eidul-Fitr begins with a special morning prayer in grand Mosques and open grounds of towns and cities of the world. the prayer is attended by men, women and children with their new or best clothes. A special charity, known as Zakatul-Fitr is given out prior to the prayer. The rest of the day is spent in visiting relatives and friends, giving gifts to children and eating.





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یکشنبه 2 شهریور 1393 ::writer: Mahsa

slam means to submit freely to The Commandments and Will of The One and Only God (Allah). This submission should come from within, from sound belief in and conviction to Allah, with no doubt. It should also come from love, trust, and affection.

Allah is not a special god for Muslims, but Allah is The Creator of all creatures, including mankind.

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) is the Messenger of Allah. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) received The Word of Allah (revelation), through the archangel Gabriel (The Holy Spirit). This revelation comprises the Religion of Islam.

The Qur'an is the authentic collection of this revelation recorded in book form. It is the exact, unchanged Word of Allah to all mankind.

A Muslim is any male or female person who believes in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad (Peace on him) as His Messenger who then testifies to that belief to witnesses announcing his/her acceptance of Islam as his/her religion. "Muslim' should not be confused with "Arab"; A Muslim is a person who follows the religion of Islam and s/he can be of any race while Arab refers to a race of people. An Arab can choose to be of any religion or belief system be it Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, atheism, or any faith. Arabs make up less than 18% of the Muslim population of the world today, which is estimated to be over one-fifth of the world's population, or more than a billion people.

Islam is a simple and practical religion. It has established, clear, and easily understandable beliefs and laws that any follower or student of the religion can easily understand. Islam affirms belief in a decent, civilized society. Islam also does not demand impossible goodness of its followers, but it recognizes that all human beings make mistakes and sin. No one is exempt. Islampreaches peace, mercy, justice, tolerance, equality, love, truth, forgiveness, patience, morality, sincerity and righteousness. Islam is the religion that preaches the Oneness of God, the Oneness of mankind and the Oneness of the Message.

Islam is the religion that preaches the Oneness of God, the Oneness of mankind and the Oneness of the Message.





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